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夏日,带墨镜不仅是为了扮酷——写在五月加拿大全国视觉健康月夏日

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日期:05-30点击数:1334

5月是加拿大「全國視覺健康月」(National Vision Health Month)。

虽说5月即将过去,但保护眼睛却是一个长期而艰巨的任务,从未远离。

始創於2014年的「全國視覺健康月」旨在鼓勵國會議員、非牟利機構、教育工作者和利益相關者,向加拿大國民傳達預防眼疾和維護視覺健康的重要性。

日前,本报记者专访全国视觉健康月的活动大使之一,目前在旺市執業的經驗驗光師鄧淑圓醫生,请她对当下日常的护眼问题做一个最简单明了的阐述。

Dr. Tang表示:“科技在幫助人類的同時,也給眼睛帶來很大的壓力。就目前情况来看,眼疾患者的日益年輕化就是个很大的问题。由於太過集中注視電子屏幕而減少和不適當眨眼,引致眼睛乾澀和电子视觉疲劳。” 据悉,除了眼疾之外,約50萬名加拿大人受嚴重的視力減退所困擾,以致生活质量受到影響,每年有超过5萬名加拿大人喪失視力。

当问起最常见最便捷最有效的日常护眼模式时,年轻的Dr. Tang乐了,说,大家都知道呀!

远离电子产品;多多户外活动;定期去见自己的眼科医生;出门记得带墨镜……

就这些?地球人都知道呀。但,能坚持的人却太少。

当不能远离电子产品时,护眼几大要素

现今社会,对于电子产品的依赖性越来越强,想远离电子产品真得变得不可能。那么,当不能远离电子产品时,护眼的关键因素有哪些呢?Dr. Tang 如是说。

1、经常多眨眼

许多人使用计算机时,眼睛眨动的频率会比平常少。眨眼次数减少会降低泪水对眼球的润滑作用,造成经常干燥、不适。所以,经常眨眨眼,活动活动眼球,都是极好的护眼方式。

2、定期让眼睛短暂休息

操作计算机每40-50分钟,应休息10-15分钟,年纪愈小,这个间距时间应该愈短。学会每10分钟就把目光从屏幕上移开,花10秒钟注视远物或向上看。休息时可让眼球上下左右各方向转转,闭目仰卧或望远,避免再近距离用眼。一天可2-3次适度热敷眼睛。

3、注意光源位置

计算机屏幕放置的地方,应让最强的光源位于侧边。而且周遭环境的亮度不应超过屏幕亮度。使用可调整的光源,让光线不会直射眼睛,或造成屏幕反光。屏幕反光会造成眼睛不适,最强的反光来自上方光线,包括萤光灯或阳光。让计算机屏幕略微向下倾斜、使用防反光屏幕,拉上窗帘等措施都可减少反光。保持屏幕的清洁,因为灰尘会让屏幕更容易反光。

4、调整屏幕

使用15吋以上且分辨率高的计算机屏幕。屏幕与眼睛的适当距离,约等于手臂伸直的长度。如果看较小字体时,身体会向前倾,可以把字体或页面放大。

定期去见自己的眼科医生  在眼睛出现问题之前

没有什么建议、提示能比眼科专家的话更权威,他们知道该准确地说些什么以及给予、说明相关的养生法。千万不要只在有需求时才想起自己的眼科医生,和其他常规、年度体检一样,每年设定一个时间去见眼科医生。在安省,对于18岁以下或者65岁以上的居民,健康卡(OHIP)每年涵盖一次免费眼科检查,虽然处于中间年龄段的居民没有免费的眼科检查,毕竟很多公司的保险也涵盖每年的眼科检查的,即便没有每年免费的眼科检查,但Dr. Tang强烈建议每年定期做眼科检查,有些钱是省不得的。

1、做全面的眼(散瞳)检查:每年或每半年做眼健康体检,这是了解自己眼睛健康状态的最好方法。同时,与自己的眼健康护理专家(眼科医生)多沟通多交流也是必需的。

2、健康的生活方式:多进行体育锻炼,维持一个健康体重和多吃像鱼和深绿色的多叶蔬菜来降低患眼病的风险;不要吸烟,因为吸烟对眼睛和身体其它器官都有害。不用手揉眼睛,当眼睛不舒服时,人们会下意识地用手揉。殊不知,手上的细菌最多。美国一项研究发现,一双未洗的手可能藏有几十万个细菌,这些细菌会引起各种眼病,尤其红眼病等。因此,千万不要用脏手揉眼睛,如果眼睛不舒服,先把手洗干净,然后闭上眼睛,轻轻按一按。有异物时,也勿用手揉眼睛,应先闭上眼睛,等到眼泪大量流出时,再睁开眼睛眨几下,多数情况下,泪水会将异物冲洗出来。

3、必要时更换眼镜

不要强迫自己佩戴已经不起作用的眼镜,需要更换时就去更换。事实上,当你感觉到要上调度数的时候,那就要遵照医嘱追加视力度数。

4、隐形眼镜与护理

对佩戴隐形眼睛的人来说, 应该知道合适的护理、维护方法,要时刻保证清洁,遵照眼科医生的指令,定期抛弃或更换隐形镜片。正如博士倫公司高級品牌經理Omar Martinez 表示:“加拿大有超過425萬人患上嚴重眼疾,這是一個適時的機會,讓我們告知和教育加拿大國民注意視覺健康的重要性。我們的目標是幫助國民實現清晰視覺,睛彩人生。”

戴墨镜,不仅是为了扮酷

小编依然记得,刚到加拿大来时,看见老外们不分冬夏,只要出门就带墨镜,心里还暗暗腹黑,真有趣,全都是瞎子扮酷呀!后来才发现,老外带墨镜,还真不仅是为了扮酷,当让扮酷也是必须的,而是绝对护眼的需要。

因为眼睛很容易受到紫外线的侵袭,不但眼周皮肤会老化,对视力也有影响。因此,只要出门,尤其是夏天或去紫外线比较强的海边、高山,Dr. Tang建议,最好戴上太阳镜。

佩戴太阳镜,在强烈的阳光下,选择佩戴太阳镜可以阻挡99%~100%的a波紫外线和b波紫外线的辐射,进而保护眼睛免受(减少)辐射伤害。对于长期佩戴隐形镜片和矫正镜片比如OK镜片的人群更是如此。

话说回来,炎炎夏日,带上墨镜,既扮酷也护眼,何乐而不为?茫茫冬雪中,带上墨镜,既避免雪盲也保护眼睛,何乐而不为?

正如Dr. Tang所说,护眼是一个私人的问题,也是一个公众的问题。说是私人的问题,自己的眼睛自己保护,原因很简单,因为那是自己的眼睛,出现问题了最终受伤害的就是自己。说是公众的问题也很正确,我们需要更多的专业人士来从非常专业的角度来教育民众,正如5月的全国健康护眼月这样的活动,更多的教育更多专业知识的培训更多的生活中点点滴滴的渗透,形成全民护眼的概念。防患于未然,才是最好的安排!

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