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魁北克城屋顶的故事

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日期:08-07点击数:1107

一座城,一段历史;一片屋顶,一座城。

400年历史的魁北克城静悄悄地矗立,夏日的阳光下,错落的建筑,红房绿顶,无不诉说着法式的浪漫……

坐在魁北克城特有的City Tour上,听着讲解员叙说这一城的故事,其中那段关于屋顶的介绍一下子吸引了小编。

历史上的魁北克城

从高处往下看,魁北克城是一个由漂亮屋顶组成的城市。经过岁月洗礼的石砖墙面与鲜艳鲜亮的屋顶交相辉映,让这个建于1608年加拿大最古老的城市,像一块美洲瑰宝一样熠熠生辉。话说魁北克城的屋顶,应该先来了解这座城的历史。

1608年7月3日,法国探险家兼皮草猎人Samuel de Champlain从Saint Lawrence River登陆,在陡峭的高原上设立毛皮交易所,并建立一个法国人的居住区。城市恰好位于圣罗伦斯河的开口处,因而他给这座城市命名为魁北克城,法语写作"Qubec",来自当地的土著语,也就是"峡湾"、"河流变窄处"之意。

1759年,英军打败法军,占领魁北克古城。 从1820年起,经过11年时间,将其修筑成北美最著名的军事要塞,要塞为六角星形建筑,有坚固的城墙和难以逾越的壕沟,与魁北克古城西南的城墙连为一体,构成一个完整的防御系统。

魁北克城是北美唯一保存有城墙及大量堡垒、城门、防御工事的城市,这些工程至今仍环绕魁北克古城。上城区建立在悬崖上,是宗教和行政中心,城区内有教堂、女修道院和一些建筑物,如王妃城堡、要塞和弗隆特纳克堡(Dauphine Redoubt)。

魁北克城建于1608年,1867年成为魁北克省首府。

魁北克城的屋顶故事

魁北克城,就像法国著名的歌手特雷耐歌中所唱:“在魁北克城的小街上,无论阴天还是晴天,我都喜欢去散步,心中充满快乐和遐想。”

整座城充满浪漫色彩,狭窄的古街曲径通幽,古香古色的法兰西建筑,让人感觉像迷失在殖民时期的童话世界里。

魁北克城的屋顶经历了很多变迁,最初的屋顶大多是用木板遮盖而成,后来采用马口铁皮板,呈现出新法兰西风格:顶楼天窗、小方格窗户、石墙。颜色鲜艳,更是新法兰西的风格。而最具魁北克特色的是铜屋顶,魁北克古城(Old Qubec City)城堡有铜质的大屋顶和典雅的红色砖墙,长期雨雪冲刷和空气风化,于是形成独具特色的绿铜屋顶。

因为冬季的寒冷,无尽的大雪,无形中对于魁北克城的屋顶造成很大的压力。于是,魁北克城的屋顶坡度多很陡峭和倾斜,这是法式建筑或者说哥特式建筑独有的风格,也是为了抵御寒冷的冬天而设。

细心的人也能注意到,很多魁北克城的屋顶上有一个梯子,有点意思吧?梯子架在屋顶上。对了,还是为了一个雪字。冬天雪多,屋顶上架个梯子,既方便除雪,也方便检修屋顶。

徜徉在魁北克街头,远远近近的法式英式建筑交错而过,不同颜色的屋顶也让人应接不暇。魁北克城的屋顶多分为银色、黑色、绿色、红色等,一如法国人的浪漫和跳跃。

用网上这样的一句话来做总结,“如果说魁北克是加拿大的法国,那么魁北克城就是法国的法国。”

魁北克城的车牌上,都印着一句法语:“Je me souviens”,中文意思就是“我会永远记住”,这是当年法语居民作主权抗争的口号,而每一位到魁北克城的游客们也都会永远会记住这座坐落在圣劳伦斯河畔的城市。

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